As a prominent representative of the fullerene family, C60 molecule is a spherical 32-sided body composed of 60 carbon atoms connected by 20 six-membered rings and 12 five-membered rings, which is very close to the structure of football. Its unique structure and singular properties have attracted the attention of scientists from all over the world. So far, the research of C60 has been involved in many disciplines and applied research fields, such as energy, laser, superconductor and ferromagnet.life science, material science, polymer science, catalysis and so on.
The structure of fullerenes is similar to that of graphite, but the structure of graphite has only six-membered ring, while fullerenes may have five-membered ring. In 1985, Robert Curl et al. prepared C60. In 1989, German scientists Huffman and Kraetschmer's experiment confirmed the C60 cage structure. Since then, fullerenes discovered by physicists have been pushed to a new stage of scientific research. The structure of fullerenes is similar to that of Fuller's masterpiece, so they are called fullerenes.
Fullerene is an allotrope of carbon. Fullerene is the third allotrope of carbon discovered after graphite and diamond. Any substance consisting of an element called carbon in a spherical, elliptical, or tubular form may be called a fullerene.
Fullerenes due to its excellent capture free radicals, light absorption, superconducting semiconductor, perfect structure, affinity, electron acceptor and efficient adsorption, DNA molecular features such as embedded (or function), has been widely applied to daily cosmetics, pharmaceutical intermediates, health care products, rubber/thin film material modifier, high energy, composite additives and other fields.